The Snatch is complex, it has a lot to offer, and if you’re new to the Snatch, you will have questions: what exactly it is; what does it do for you; how to perform it; what variations are there; what implements you can perform the exercise with? Etc.
The Snatch is a full body movement and can be defined as an explosive athletic discipline in which the objective is to lift the weight from lower position to an overhead position in one continuous movement.
The Snatch is included in the Olympic programme and is performed with an Olympic Barbell. The same is included in CrossFit, this has become the most common Snatch implement and style, but the Snatch can be performed with different implements and in different styles.
The benefits of the snatch are:
speed, power, mobility, strength and cardiovascular ability.
If you go to Wikipedia (wikipedia sucks btw) there is only one explanation of the Snatch, and that is the Snatch with the Olympic Barbell, however there are plenty of other implements you can snatch with, the second most used implement for the Snatch is the Kettlebell. Any implement going up from lower position directly to overhead position in one continuous explosive movement is a Snatch, it’s one step up from the Clean which ends at chest level.
Implements (most common)
- Olympic Barbell
- Receiving position squat
- Partly falling under the weight
- Suitable for heavy weight
My personal opinion is that the squat snatch with barbell is the most advanced and also one of the most difficult and injury prone versions, there is a lot that can go wrong if this move does not have your full attention, more than with any other type of Snatch.
- Receiving position split lunge
- Suitable for heavier weight
- Receiving position half squat
- Suitable for light weight
In CrossFit the Squat Snatch is referred to as Snatch, and the difference between a squat and power snatch is that the power snatch is received in a higher position, i.e. a more shallow squat.
In the Kettlebell world there is a difference between technique when comparing the kettlebell training snatch and kettlebell sport snatch, the main difference is with the resistance of the weight, in kettlebell training you want to create resistance and in kettlebell sport you want to remove the resistance as much as possible.
The different ranges are not available to all implements, for example, the swing snatch is not available for the Olympic Barbell. All ranges are available for the kettlebell and dumbbell.
With all variations of the snatch the following muscles are used:
- Trapezius in the pull
- forearm muscles in the pull
- Latissimus Dorsi in overhead lockout
- rear Deltoids in overhead lockout
- Rhomboids in overhead lockout
- Erector Spinea mainly in pull but also active in lockout
- Gluteus in the pull
- Quadriceps in the pull
- Hamstrings (apart from the short head) in the pull
With different implements there is more focus on the:
- Quadriceps in the lockout when using the Olympic Barbell
- Gluteus in swing when using the kettlebell
- Quads also included more in the swing when using the kettlebell and kettlebell sport style
Also check out snatch differences.